Cardno PPI Oilfield Acronym Glossary

Cardno PPI is pleased to provide its Oilfield Acronym Glossary. This resource provides various oil-related terms (not all of which are acronyms).

These terms include definitions of acronyms and phrases used across the worldwide oil and gas industry, including regulatory; association; seismic; laboratory; health, safety, and environmental; exploration; production; upstream; midstream; and downstream terms. Many subcategories are represented in this oilfield dictionary, including acronyms and abbreviations for drilling, completion, well cementing, mud logging, pipeline, and well logging disciplines.



A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y

1D: One-dimensional (usually a checkshot seismic survey)
2D: Two-dimensional
30 CFR 250, Subpart H: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Oil and Gas Production Safety Systems (US Regulation)
30 CFR 250, Subpart Q: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Decommissioning Activities (US Regulation)
30 CFR Part 250, Subpart E: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Oil and Gas Well-Completion Operations (US Regulation)
30 CFR Part 250, Subpart F: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Oil and Gas Well-Workover Operations (US Regulation)
30 CFR Part 250, Subpart O: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Well Control and Production Safety Training (US Regulation)
30 CFR Part 250, Subpart S: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Safety and Environmental Management Systems (US Regulation)
30 CFR Part 250: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf (US Regulation)
33 CFR 142: Navigation and Navigable Waters, Workplace Safety and Health (US Regulation)
3C: Three-component (seismic survey)
3D: Three-dimensional
3P: Proved, probable, and possible reserves
40 CFR Part 300: National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan
4D seismic: Time-lapse seismic survey

 

 

A

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A: Annum
AADE: American Association of Drilling Engineers
AAGR: Average annual growth rate
AAPG: American Association of Petroleum Geologists
AAR: After action reviews
ABS: American Bureau of Shipping
AC: Alaminos Canyon Gulf of Mexico leasing area
ACIP: Augered cast-in-place piles
ACP: Annular casing pressure
ACP: Area contingency plan
ADCP: Acoustic Doppler Current Profile (system)
ADIOS: Automated Data Inquiry for Oil Spills, NOAA's oil weathering model
AFE: Authorization for expenditure
AFV: Annular flow valve
AGM: Above ground marker
AIChE: American Institute of Chemical Engineers
AIME: American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers
AIP: Australian industry participation
AIT: Auto-ignition temperature
AIV: Alternate isolation valve
AL: Artificial lift
ALARP: As low as reasonably practicable
ANP: Brazil's National Petroleum Agency
ANPR: Advance notice of proposed rulemaking
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
AOF: Absolute open flow
AOPL: Association of Oil Pipe Lines
AP: Apalachicola Gulf of Mexico leasing area
APC: Anadarko Petroleum Corp.
APD: Application for permit to drill
APE: Area of potential effect
API: American Petroleum Institute
API RP 7G: Recommended Practice for Drill Stem Design and Operating Limits
API RP 14C: Recommended Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Basic Surface Safety Systems for Offshore Production Platforms
API RP 14G: Recommended Practice for Fire Prevention and Control on Open Type Offshore Production Platforms
API RP 14J: Recommended Practice for Design and Hazards Analysis for Offshore Production Facilities
API RP 2D: Recommended Practice for Operation and Maintenance of Offshore Cranes
API RP 49: Recommended Practice for Drilling and Well Servicing Operations Involving Hydrogen Sulfide
API RP 55: Recommended Practices for Oil and Gas Producing and Gas Processing Plant Operations Involving Hydrogen Sulfide
API RP 59: Recommended Practices for Well Control Operations
API RP 65: Cementing Shallow Water Flow Zones in Deep Water Wells
API RP 75: Recommended Practice for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities (3rd ed., May 2004, affirmed 2008)
API RP 76: Contractor Safety Management for Oil & Gas Drilling and Production Operations
API RP 96: Recommended Practice for Deepwater Well Design and Construction
API RP T-1: Recommended Practice for Orientation Program for Personnel Going Offshore for the First Time
API RP T-2: Recommended Practice for Qualification Programs for Offshore Production Personnel Who Work With Anti-Pollution Safety Devices
API RP T-4: Recommended Practice for Training of Offshore Personnel in Non-Operating Emergencies
API RP T-6: Recommended Practice for Training and Qualifications of Personnel in Well Control Equipment and Techniques for Completion and Workover Operations on Offshore Locations Recommended Practices for Well Control Operations
API RP T-7: Recommended Practice for Training of Personnel in Rescue of Persons in Water
APM: Application for permit to modify
APM: Application to drill—modification
APM: Asset performance management
APR: Annual performance review
ART: Alternate response technologies
AS/NZS 4360: Risk management (a publication of Standards Australia)
ASCE: American Society of Chemical Engineers
ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASNT: American Society for Nondestructive Testing
ASPO: Asociation for the Study of Peak Oil & Gas
ASR: Atmosphere-supplying respirator
ASTM: ASTM International, formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials
ASTM F1166-95: Standard Practice for Human Engineering Design for Marine Systems, Equipment and Facilities
AT: Atwater Valley Gulf of Mexico leasing area
atm: atmosphere, a unit of pressure
AUV: Autonomous underwater vehicle
AVO: Amplitude variation with offset (seismic)

 

 

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b: Barrel (42 galUS)
BA: Brazos Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
BA: Bridging agreement
BARS: Borehole acoustic reflection survey
BAST: Best available and safest technology
bbl: Traditional oilfield abbreviation for barrels of oil (42 galUS)
BBS: Behavioral-based safety
Bcf: Billion cubic feet
BFOE: Brent, Forties, Oseberg, and Ekofisk (oil fields)
BFPD: Barrels of fluid per day
BH: Baker Hughes
BHA: Bottomhole assembly
BHCP: Bottomhole circulating pressure
BHCT: Bottomhole circulating temperature
BHFP: Bottomhole flowing pressure
BHL: Bottomhole location
BHP: Bottomhole pressure
BHP: Bottomhole pressure
BHST: Bottomhole static temperature
BHT: Bottomhole temperature
BLM: US Bureau of Land Management
BLP: Bridge-linked platform
BLPD: Barrels of liquid per day
BM: Bay Marchand Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
BML: Below mud line
boe/d: barrels of oil equivalent per day
boe: Barrels of oil equivalent
BOEM: US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM); created by splitting BOEMRE into two parts, BOEM and BSEE, as of Oct. 1, 2011
BOEMRE: The former US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement (successor to the US Minerals Management Service [MMS]); BOEMRE was replaced Oct. 1, 2011 by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE).
BOEPD: Barrels of oil equivalent per day
BOP: Blowout preventer
BOPD: Barrels of oil per day
BOPE: Blowout preventer equipment
BP: Boiling point
BP: Bubble point
BPD: barrels per day
BPM: Barrels per minute
BPV: Back pressure valve
Brent crude: Collection of contracts and futures contracts regarding oil from the Brent, Forties, Oseberg, and Ekofisk fields
Brownfields: Oil or gas fields that are beyond their production plateau but are still producing
BRT: Below rotary table
BS&W: Basic sediment and water
BS: Breton Sound Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
BSDV: Boarding shutdown valve
BSEE: US Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement,created by splitting BOEMRE into two parts, BOEM and BSEE, as of Oct. 1, 2011.
BSEE-0123: US Form for Application for Permit to Drill
BSEE-0123S: US Form for Supplemental APD Information Sheet
BSEE-0124: US Form for Application for Permit to Modify
BSEE-0125: US Form for End of Operations Report
BSEE-0126: US Form for Well Potential Test Report
BSEE-0128: US Form for Semiannual Well Test Report
BSEE-0131: US Form for Performance Measures Data
BSEE-0132: US Form for Hurricane and Tropical Storm Evacuation and Production Curtailment Statistics, Gulf of Mexico OCS Region (GOMR)
BSEE-0133: US Form for Well Activity Report
BSEE-0133S: US Form for Open Hole Data Report
BSEE-0143: US Form for Facility/Equipment Damage Report
BSEE-0144: US Form for Rig Movement Notification Report
BSEE-0149: US Form for Assignment of Federal OCS Pipeline Right-of-Way Grant
BSEE-1832: US Form for Notification of Incidents of Noncompliance
BSL: Below sea level
BSL: Burner safety low (burner flame detector)
BSR: Bend strength ratio
BSR: Blind shear ram
BSR: Bottom simulating reflector
Btu: British thermal unit
BWOC: By weight of cement
BWOW: By weight of water
BWPD: Barrels of water per day

 

 

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C&E: Cause and effect
C&K: Choke and kill
C/P: Consumption/production (ratio)
CA: Chandeleur Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
CAGR: Compound annual growth rate
CAPEX: Capital expenditure
CAPP: Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers
CATS: Central Area Transmission System
CBL: Cement bond log
CBM: Coalbed methane
CBT: Computer-based training
CC: Corpus Christi Gulf of Mexico leasing area
CCA: Clean Carribbean & Americas
CCL: Casing collar locator
CCS: Carbon capture and storage (or sequestration)
CCW: Counterclockwise
CDR: Chemical Data Reporting rule
CERCLA: US Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act
CESQG: Hazardous waste conditionally exempt small quantity generator
CFD: Computational fluid dynamics
CFC: Chlorofluorocarbon
CFO: Chief financial officer
CFR: Code of Federal Regulations
CGA: Clean Gulf Association
CH: Cased hole
CH: Charlotte Harbor Gulf of Mexico leasing area
CHART: Casing hanger assembly running tool
CHOPS: Cold heavy oil production with sand
CIKR: Critical Infrastructure and key resources
CMP: Coastal Management Program
CMTR: Certified material test reports
CNG: Compressed natural gas
COFR: Certificate of Financial Responsibility
COS: Center for Offshore Safety
COTP: Captain of the port
cP: Centipoise
CPI: Chemical process industries
CRA: Corrosion-resistant alloy
Crack spread: Difference between the price of crude oil and the price of products made from it
CRM: Customer relationship management
CS: Chandeleur Sound Gulf of Mexico leasing area
Csg: Casing
CSS: Cyclic steam stimulation (method)
CT: Coiled tubing
CT: Complex total
CTD: Coiled tubing drilling
CTU: Coiled tubing unit
CVX: Chevron
CW: Clockwise
CWI: Certified Welding Inspector
CWPPRA: Coastal Wetlands Protection, Planning & Restoration Act
CZMA: US Coastal Zone Management Act
CZMP: Coastal Zone Management Program

 

 

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d: Change (delta)
D: Darcy
D: Day
DABS: Double action bypass sub
DAC: Distance amplitude curve
DAFW: Days away from work
DART: Days Away, Restricted work, or job Transfer
DBCP: 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane
DC: Desoto Canyon Gulf of Mexico leasing area
DC: Drill collar
DD&A: Depreciation, depletion and amortization
DD: Directional drilling
DD: Dustin Dome Gulf of Mexico leasing area
DDCV: Deep draft caisson vessel
Delta: Difference between plan and performance
DFT: Dry film thickness
DHCE: Downhole completion equipment
Dilbit: Diluted bitumen
DL: Dogleg
DLS: Dogleg severity
DLT: Digital linear tape
DMR: Discharge monitoring report
DOCD: Development operations coordination documents
DOE: US Department of Energy
DOI: US Department of Interior
DOL: US Department of Labor
DOO: Designation of operator
DOT: US Department of Transportation
dP: Delta pressure
DP: Dewpoint
DP: Dynamically positioned
DPP: Development and production plan
DPS: Distinct population segment
DPS: Dynamic positioning system
DPSS: Dynamically positioned semisubmersible
DST: Drillstem test
DT: Dry Tortugas Gulf of Mexico leasing area
DTI: UK Department of Trade and Industry
DW: Deep water
DWH: Deepwater Horizon
DWOP: Deepwater operations plan
DWOP: Drilling well on paper (exercise)
DWRRA: US Deep Water Royalty Relief Act

 

 

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E&P: Exploration and production
E/W: East/west
E: Young's Modulus
EA: Environmental Assessment
EB: East Breaks Gulf of Mexico leasing area
EBIT: Earnings before interest and taxes
EBITDA: Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization
EC: East Cameron Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
ECC: Emergency control center
ECD: Equivalent circulating density
ECHA: European Chemicals Agency
EDM: Electro-discharge machining
EDRC: Effective daily recovery capacity (of oil skimmers)
EDS: Emergency disconnect sequence
EDS: Emergency disconnect system
EEHA: Electrical equipment in hazardous areas
EEP: Emergency evacuation plan
EER: Emergency escape and refuge (system)
EERA: Escape, evacuation, and rescue analysis
EEZ: US Exclusive Economic Zone
EFH: Essential fish habitat
EFL: Electrical flying leads
EI&C: Electrical instrumentation and control
EI: Eugene Island Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
EIA: Environmental impact assessment
EIA: US Energy Information Administration
EIS: Environmental impact statement
EL: The Elbow Gulf of Mexico leasing area
EM: Electromagnetic
EMI: Electromagnetic inspection
EMT: Electrical metallic tubing (conduit)
EOR: End of operations (report)
EOR: Enhanced oil recovery
EOS: Equation of state
EOW: End of well (report)
EP: Exploration plan
EPA: US Environmental Protection Agency
EPCI: Engineering, procurement, construction, and installation
EPS: Earnings per share
ERA: Environmental risk assessment
ERC: Emergency response and control
ERC: Emergency response and control
ERD: Extended-reach drilling
EROEI: Energy returned on energy invested
ERP: Emergency response plan
ERP: Enterprise resource planning
ERT: Emergency response team
ERW: Electric-resistance welded (pipe)
ERW: Extended-reach well
ESA: US Endangered Species Act
ESD: Electrostatic discharge
ESD: Emergency shutdown
ESI: Environmental Sensitivity Index
ESP: Electrical submersible pump
ESP: Expected surface pressure
ESPcc: Expected surface pressure for the completion case
ETA: Event tree analysis
ETAP: Eastern Trough Area Project
EU: European Union
EUR: Estimated ultimate recovery
EVI: Equipment verification inspection
EW: Ewing Bank Gulf of Mexico leasing area
EWD: Expand-while-drilling (tools)
eWell: US Electronic Well Permitting and Reporting System
EWTA: Eglin Water Test Area
Extra-heavy oil: Crude oil with API gravity of 10 or less

 

 

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FAT: Factory Acceptance Testing
FBHP: Flowing bottomhole pressure.
FCF: Fishermen's Contingency Fund
FDP: Field development planning
FEED: Front-end engineering and design
FEL: From east line
FERC: US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FG: Fracture gradient
FGBNMS: Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary
FIFO: First in, first out
FIR: Failure investigation reports
FIT: Formation integrity test
FIV: Formation isolation valve
FL: Florida
FLET: Flowline end termination
FLMPI: Full length magnetic particle inspection
FLMT: Flowline manifold termination
FLUT: Full length ultrasonic inspection
FM: Florida Middle Ground Gulf of Mexico leasing area
FM: Flowmeter
FMC: FMC Technologies
FMEA: Failure modes and effects analysis
FMECA: Failure modes, effects, and criticality analysis
FMP: Facility measurement point
FNL: From north line
FNOS: Final notice of sale
FOB: Free on board
FOB: Freight on board
FOGRMA: Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act (US Regulation)
FOIA: US Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. Section 552)
FONSI: Finding of No Significant Impact
FOSC: Federal on-scene coordinator
FOSV: Full-opening safety valves
FP: Frac pack
FPS: Floating production system
FPSO: Floating production, storage, and offloading (vessel)
FPU: Floating production unit
FR: US Federal Register
FRU: Fast response units
FSA: Formal safety assessment
FSL: From south line
FSO: Floating storage and offloading (vessel)
FSU: Former Soviet Union
FTA: Fault tree analysis
FTP: Flowing tubing pressure
FVF: Formation volume factor
FWHP: Flowing wellhead pressure
FWL: From west line
FX: Foreign exchange

 

 

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G&G: Geology and geophysics
GA: Galveston Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
GA: General arrangement (of offshore equipment)
GAAP: Generally accepted accounting principles
GAR: (World Health Organization) Global Alert and Response
GB: Garden Banks Gulf of Mexico leasing area
GC/MS: Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
GC: Gas chromatography
GC: Green Canyon Gulf of Mexico leasing area
GCAT: Government Compliance Action Team
GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates)
GdF: Gaz de France
GDP: Gross domestic product
GEMS: US Gulf Ecological Management Sites program
GFCI: Ground fault circuit interrupter
GHG: Greenhouse gas
GHS: Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
GI: Grand Isle Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
G-INC: General US INCs. G-110: Operations conducted in a safe and workmanlike manner; G-111: Equipment maintained in a safe condition; G-112: Safety of personnel and all necessary precautions taken to correct and remove any hazards.
GJ: Gigajoule
GL: General ledger
GLR: Gas/liquid ratio
GLV: Gas lift valve
GMAW: Gas metal arc welding
GMP: Gulf of Mexico Program
GOM: Gulf of Mexico
GOMR: Gulf of Mexico region
GOR: Gas/oil ratio
GOSP: Gas oil separation plant
GP: Gravel pack
GPRA: The US Government Performance and Results Act
GR: Gamma ray
GRC: Galvanized rigid conduit
GRSS: Global Rig Share Solutions group
GTL: Gas to liquids
GV: Gainesville Gulf of Mexico leasing area
GWC: Gas/water contact

 

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h: Height or thickness
H2S: Hydrogen sulfide
HA: Hazard analysis
HAL: Halliburton
HAPC: Habitat area of particular concern
HAZCOM: Hazard communications
HAZID: Hazard identification (study)
HAZOP: Hazard and operability (analysis)
HAZWOPER: Hazardous waste operations and emergency response
HCA: High-consequence areas
HDD: Horizontal directional drilling
HE: Henderson Gulf of Mexico leasing area
Heavy oil: Crude oil with API gravity of 20 or less
HEC: Hydroxyethylcellulose
Henry Hub: The Henry hub is the pricing point for natural gas futures contracts traded on NYMEX. It is a point on the natural gas pipeline system in Erath, Louisiana.
HES: Health, environment, and safety
HFC: Hydrofluorocarbons
HFL: Hydraulic flying lead
HFRS: Helix Fast Response System
HH: Henry Hub
HH: Howell Hook Gulf of Mexico leasing area
hhp: Hydraulic horsepower
HI: High Island Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
HOA: Hand/on/off (switch)
HP/IP: High-pressure and/or intermediate pressure
HP: High pressure
hp: Horsepower
HPG: Hydroxyl propyl guar
HPHT: High pressure, high temperature
HPU: High-pressure unit
HPU: Horizontal pumping unit
HSE: Health, safety, and environmental
HSMP: Health and safety management plan
HSSE: Health, safety, security, and environment
HT: High temperature
HTHP: High temperature, high pressure
HUET: Helicopter underwater egress training
HWCG: Helix Well Containment Group (an industry cooperative of 24 deepwater E&P companies working in the Gulf of Mexico)
HWP: Hot work permit
HWDP: Heavy weight drill pipe

 

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I3P: Independent third party
IADC: International Association of Drilling Contractors
IAWC: International Alliance for Well Control
IBOP: Inside blowout preventer
IBP: Inflatable bridge plug
IC: Incident commander
IC: Information collection
ICE: Intercontinental Exchange
ICoTA: Intervention and Coiled Tubing Association
ICS: Incident Command System
ID: Inner diameter
IDLH: Immediately dangerous to life or health
IEA: International Energy Agency
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEP/DOCD: Initial exploration plan and development operations coordination documents
IEP: Initial exploration plan
ILI: In-line inspection (platforms for natural gas pipelines)
ILTA: International Liquid Terminals Association
IM: Information management
IM: Inventory management
IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods (code)
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Marine Organization
IMT: Intermediate metal conduit
INC: US Incident of Noncompliance
INGAA: Interstate Natural Gas Association of America
IOC: Independent oil company
IOC: International oil company
IOR: Improved oil recovery
IOW: Integrity operating windows
IP: Intellectual property
IP: Intermediate pressure
IP: Internet protocol
IPAA: Independent Petroleum Association of America
IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPE: International Petroleum Exchange
IPF: Impact producing factors
IPO: Initial public offering
IPR: Inflow performance relationship
IPTT: Interval pressure transient test
IR: Inspection report
IRC: Inspection release certificate
ISM: IMO's International Safety Management (code)
ISN: ISNetworld
ISO 31010: Risk Management Risk Assessment Techniques
ISO: International Standards Organization (formally, International Organization for Standardization)
ITP: Inspection and test plan
ITT: Invitation to tender
IUR: Inventory Update Reporting
IWCF certification: International Well Control Forum Blowout Prevention & Well Control certification
IWCF: International Well Control Forum
IWOCS: Installation/Workover control system

 

 

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J: Joule
Jewelry: Various hardware, such as packers, inside the well attached to production tubing
JHA: Job hazard analysis
JIP: Joint industry project
JIT: Just in time
JITF: Joint industry task force
JSA: Job safety analysis. Reviews site-specific detailed job hazards. In the final CFR 30 Part 250 subpart S rule, BSEE replaced references to JHAs with references to JSAs.
JSP: Job safety plan
JU: Jackup
JV: Joint venture

 

 

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k: Permeability
KB: Kelly bushing
KC: Keathley Canyon Gulf of Mexico leasing area
kh: permeability thickness (k = permeability, h = height)
KOP: Kickoff point
KPI: Key performance indicator
kpsi: Thousand pounds per square inch
KSA: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
KW: Key West Gulf of Mexico leasing area

 

 

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LA: Louisiana
LACT: Lease automatic custody transfer (unit)
lbf: pounds force
lbm: pounds mass
LCL: Lethal dose (low)
LCM: Lost circulation material
LCV: Level control valve
LD: Lethal dose
LD50: Median lethal dose
LEEA: Lifting Equipment Engineers Association
LEL: Lower explosive limit
LFL: Lower flammable limit
LFRD: Load and resistance factor design
LIBOR: London Interbank Offered Rate
LIFO: Last in, first out
LL: Lloyd Gulf of Mexico leasing area
LMOGA: Louisiana Mid-Continent Oil and Gas Association
LMRP: Lower marine riser package
LNG: Liquefied natural gas
LOGGS: Lincolnshire Offshore Gas Gathering System
LOPA: Layers of protection analysis
LOT: Leakoff test
LOTO: Lock out tag out
LP: Limited partnership
LP: Liquid penetrant
LP: Low pressure
LPG: Liquefied petroleum gas
LQ: Living quarters
LQG: Hazardous waste large quantity generator
LSH: Level safety high (sensor)
LSL: Level safety low (sensor)
LTIR: Lost time incident rate
LU: Lund Gulf of Mexico leasing area
LWD: Logging while drilling
LWR: Lazy-wave catenary riser

 

 

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M&R: Measurement and regulation
MA: Miami Gulf of Mexico leasing area
Macaroni: Very thin tubulars used in drilling and completion activity
MAOP: Maximum allowable operating pressure
MARPOL: International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
MARSEC: (US Coast Guard) Maritime Security System
MASP: Maximum allowable surface pressure
MASP: Maximum anticipated surface pressure
MASPcc: Maximum anticipated surface pressure for the completion case
MAWOP: Maximum allowable wellhead operating pressure
MAWP: Maximum allowable working pressure
MC: Mississippi Canyon Gulf of Mexico leasing area
MCC: Molded case circuit breaker
Mcf: Thousand cubic feet
MCP: Manifold compression platform
MD: Measured depth
md: millidarcy
MDEA: Methyl diethanolamine, used for amine gas treatment
MEM: Mechanical earth model
MENA: Middle East and North Africa (region)
MGW: Maximum gross weight
MH: Methane hydrate (methane clathrate, or fire ice)
MHA: Major hazards analysis
MI: Matagorda Island Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
MI: Mechanical integrity
MJ: Megajoule
ML: Multilateral
MMbtu: Million btu
MMC: US Marine Mammal Commission
MMcf: Million cubic feet
mmHg: Millimeters of mercury (a unit of pressure)
MMO: Marine mammal observer
MMPA: US Marine Mammal Protection Act
MMS: The former US Minerals Management Service (MMS), split into three entities
MMS-131: The former name of the BSEE-0131 form, which must be submitted annually
MMscf: Million standard cubic feet
MMTA: Million metric tons per annum
MO: Mobile Gulf of Mexico leasing area
MOC: Management of Change
MODU: Mobile offshore drilling unit
MOM: Month on month
MOMR: OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report
MOPU: Mobile offshore production unit
MOU: Memorandum of understanding
MOU: Mobile offshore unit
MP: Magnetic particle
MP: Main Pass Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
MPFM: Multiphase flowmeter
MPI: Magnetic particle inspection
MQ: Marqesas Gulf of Mexico leasing area
MS: Mass spectrometry
MS: Mississippi
MSA: Master service agreement
MSC: Management system coordinator
MSC: Master services contract
Mscf: Thousand standard cubic feet
MSD: Mechanical setting devices
MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheets
MSL: Mean sea level
MSP: Maximum source pressure
MSRC: Marine Spill Response Corporation
MT: Magnetotellurics
MT: Metric tons
MTBE: Methyl tertiary butyl ether
MTBF: Mean time between failures
MTR: Material test reports
MTSRU: Maritime Transportation System Recovery Unit
MTTF: Mean time to failure
MU: Mustang Island Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
MW: Mud weight
MWA: Military warning area
MWCC: Marine Well Containment Co. Partners in the nonprofit include BP, BHP Billiton, Apache Corp., Anadarko Petroleum, and Statoil.
MWD: Measurement while drilling

 

 

N

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N/S: North/south
N: Newton
NAAQS: National Ambient Air Quality Standards
NACE: NACE International, formerly the National Association of Corrosion Engineers
NBR: Near-bit reamer
NCDMB: Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board
NCP: US National Oil and Hazardous Substance Pollution Contingency Plan
NCR: Nonconformance report
NDE: Non-destructive examination
NDT: Nondestructive testing
NEPA: US National Environmental Policy Act
NGH: Natural gas hydrate (methane clathrate, or fire ice)
NGL: Natural gas liquids
NGO: Non-governmental organization
NGPL: Natural gas pipeline
NIMBY: Not in my backyard
NIMS: National Incident Management System
NIOSH: National Institute for Occupational Safety, a US agency working to prevent work-related injury and illness
NIPP: National Infrastructure Protection Plan
NMDC: Nonmagnetic drill collar
NMO: Normal moveout offset (arrival time offset)
NMR: Nuclear magnetic resonance
NOX: Nitrogen oxides
NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOC: National oil company
NOI: Notice of intent
NOIA: National Ocean Industries Association
NORM: Naturally occurring radioactive material
NORSOK: Norsk Sokkels Konkurranseposisjon, standards for the Norwegian petroleum industry
NOV: National Oilwell Varco
NOW: Non-hazardous oilfield waste
NPDES: National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, authorized by the US Clean Water Act
NPFC: US National Pollution Funds Center
NPR: Notice of proposed rulemaking
NPS: US National Park Service
NPT: Nonproductive time
NPV: Net present value
NRC: National Response Corporation
NRDA: National resource damage assessment
NRT: National response team
NTAS: (US Department of Homeland Seurity) National Security Advisory System
NTE: Not to exceed
NTL: Notice to Lessees and Operators
NTP: National Toxicology Program
NTSB: US National Transportation Safety Board
NWR: National wildlife refuge
NYMEX: New York Mercantile Exchange

 

 

O

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OAPEC: Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OB: Overbalanced
OBC: Ocean-bottom cable (seismic collection)
OBM: Oil-based mud
OCS: Outer Continental Shelf
OCS-G: US lease numbering system for blocks on the Outer Continental Shelf in the Gulf of Mexico
OCSLA: OCS Lands Act
OCTG: Oil country tubular goods
OD: Outer diameter
OECD: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
OEM: Original equipment manufacturer
OGP: International Association of Oil & Gas Producers
OH: Open hole
OHGP: Openhole gravel pack
OIM: Offshore installation manager
OIP: Oil in place
OMB: US Office of Management and Budget
OML: Oil mining lease
ONRR: Office of Natural Resources Revenue
OOC: Offshore Operators Committee
OOIP: Original oil in place
OOS: Out of service
OP: Operating procedure
OPA 90: US Oil Pollution Act of 1990
OPA: US Oil Pollution Act of 1990
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPEX: Operating expenditure
ORB: OPEC reference basket (of crudes)
ORM: Other regulated materials (a DOT materials classification)
OSC: On-scene coordinator
OSCP: Oil spill contingency plan
OSFR: Oil spill financial responsibility
OSHA: US Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSLTF: Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund
OSRA: Oil spill risk assessment
OSRAM: Oil Spill Risk Analysis Model
OSRO: Oil spill response organization
OSRP: Oil spill response plan
OSRV: Oil spill response vessels
OSV: Offshore support vessel
OT: Overtime
OTC: Offshore Technology Conference
OTJ: On the job
OVSP: Offset vertical seismic profiling
OWR: Oil/water ratio

 

 

P

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P&A: Plug and abandon
P&ID: Piping and Instrument diagrams
P&L: Profit and loss
P/E: Price to earnings (ratio)
P: Pressure
PAH: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
PAM: Passive acoustic monitoring
PART: Program Assessment Rating Tool
PB: St. Petersburg Gulf of Mexico leasing area
PBR: Polished bore receptacle
PBS: Ported bypass sub
PCP: Progressive cavity pump
PCV: Pressure control valve
PDC: Polycrystalline diamond compact (drillbit)
PDM: Positive displacement motors
PDR: Pressure differential ratio
PE: Pensacola Gulf of Mexico leasing area
PE: Polyethylene
PEL: Permissible exposure limit
PEMEX: Petroleos Mexicanos SA
PESA: Petroleum Equipment Suppliers Association
PFC: Perfluorocarbon
PFD: Process flow diagrams
PHA: Process hazards analysis
Phi: Porosity
PHMSA: US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
PI: Port Isabel Gulf of Mexico leasing area
PI: Pressure indicator
PI: Productivity index
PIC: Person in charge
PINC: Potential incident of noncompliance
PIT: pressure integrity test
PJ: Petajoule
PL: Pipeline
PL: South Pelto Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
PLC: Programmable logic controller
PLC: Public limited company
PLEM: Pipeline end manifolds
PLET: Pipeline end terminations
PLT: Production logging tool
PM: Particulate matter
PM: Project management
PN: North Padre Island Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
POB: Person on board
POE: Plan of exploration
POOH: Pull out of hole
PP: Pore pressure
PPA: Pounds of proppant added
ppb: Parts per billion
PPE: Personal protective equipment
ppg: pounds per gallon (lbm/gal)
ppm: Parts per million
ppt: Parts per thousand
PQR: Procedure qualification record
PR: Pully Ridge Gulf of Mexico leasing area
PRA: Probabilistic risk assessment
PRCI: Pipeline Research Council International, Inc.
PS: South Padre Island Gulf of Mexico leasing area
PSC: Production-sharing contract
PSD: Particle size distribution
PSD: Prevention of significant deterioration
PSE: Pressure safety element
PSH: Pressure safety high (sensor)
PSHL: Pressure safety high low
psi: Pounds per square inch
psia: Pounds per square inch (absolute)
psig: Pounds per square inch (gauge)
PSL: Pressure safety low (sensor)
PSL: Product specification level
PSL: Product/service line
PSM: Process safety management
PSO: Protected species observer
PSR: Pipe slip ram
PSR: Pre-startup review
PSV: Pressure safety valve
PTW: Permit to work
PU: Pumping unit
PV: Plastic viscosity
PV: Pore volume
PVC: Polyvinyl chloride
PVC: Pressure control valve
PVSV: Pressure vacuum safety valves
PVT: Pressure/volume/temperature
P-wave: Compressional wave
PWHT: Post-weld heat treat

 

 

Q

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q: Flow
QA/QC: Quality assurance/quality control
QA: Quality assurance
QAE: Quality assurance engineer
QC: Quality control
QHSE: Quality, health, safety, and environmental
QI: Qualified individual
QOQ: Quarter on quarter
QR: Quality ranking
QRA: Quantitative risk assessment

 

 

R

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R&D: Records and documentation
R&D: Research and development
R&M: Refining and marketing rate
R&R: Roles and responsibilities
RACI: Responsible, accountable, consult, and inform (chart)
RBD: Risk-based design
RBI: Risk-based inspection
RBW: Remaining body wall
RCRA: US Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RDS: Royal Dutch/Shell
REACH: Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals
REL: Recommended exposure limit
REWL: Reservoir Evaluation—Wireline
RFI: Request for interest
RFI: Requests for inspection
RFID: Radio-frequency identification
RFP: Request for proposal
RIH: Run in hole
RIK: Replacement in kind
RIR: Recordable incident rate
RK: Rankin Gulf of Mexico leasing area
RKB: Rotary kelly bushing
RMC: Rigid metal conduit
RN: Release notes
ROCE: Return on capital employed
ROI: Return on investment
ROIC: Return on invested capital
ROP: Rate of penetration
ROV: Remotely operated vehicle
ROW: Right of way
RP: Recommended practice
RPD: Revised application for permit to drill
RPM: Revised application for permit to modify
RPM: Revolutions per minute
RQ: Reportable quantity
RRT: Regional response team
RSFO: Regional Supervisor, Office of Field Operations, for BSEE
RSS: Rotary steering system
RSTC: Rig safety training coordinator
RT: Real time
RT: Regular time
RT: Rotary table
RUE: Right-of-use and easement
RVP: Reid vapor pressure

 

 

S

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S&P: Standard & Poors
SO: Oil saturation
Sw: Water saturation
SA: Sabine Pass (Louisiana) Gulf of Mexico leasing area
SA: Société Anonyme, Sociedad Anónima
SaaS: Software as a service
SABA: Supplied-air breathing apparatus
SABS: Single action bypass sub
SAFE: Safety analysis function evaluation (charts)
SAGD: Steam-assisted gravity drainage
SAGE: Scottish Area Gas Evacuation
SALM: Single anchor leg mooring
SBM: Synthetic-based mud
SCADA: Supervisory control and data acquisition (system)
SCBA: Self-contained breathing apparatus
SCE: Safety-critical equipment
scf: Standard cubic feet
SCM: Supply chain management
SCOTUS: Supreme Court of the United States
SCP: Sustained casing pressure
SCR: Steel catenary riser
SCSSV: Surface-controlled subsurface safety valve
SCUBA: Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus
SDV: Shutdown valve
SEA: Site-specific environmental assessment
SEA: Special end area
SEC: US Securities and Exchange Commission
SEG: Society of Exploration Geophysicists
SEG-Y: Format developed by the Society of Exploration Geophysicists for storing geophysical data
SEIS: Supplemental environmental impact statement
SEMP: Safety and environmental management plan as defined in API RP 75
SEMS: Safety and Environmental Management System policy, as defined in US regulation CFR 30 Part 250 Subpart S
SEP: Supplemental exploration plan
SFL: Steel flying lead
SGS: Steel Gravity Substructure
SHA: Shallow hazard assessment
SHL: Surface hole location
SICP: Shut-in casing pressure
SIMOPS: Simultaneous operations
SIS: Safety instrumented systems
SITP: Shut-in tubing pressure
SLB: Schlumberger
SLCO: Saudi Light Crude Oil (benchmark crude)
SM: South Marsh Island Gulf of Mexico leasing area
SMAW: Shielded metal arc welding
SME: Small and medium sized enterprises
SME: Subject matter expert
SMI: South Marsh Island Gulf of Mexico leasing area
SMS: Safety management systems
SNIP: Scotland-Northern Ireland Pipeline
SOBM: Synthetic oil-based mud
SONS: Spills of national significance
SOP: Standard operating procedure
SOP: Suspension of production
SOPEP: Shipboard oil pollution emergency plan
SOR: Statement of requirement
SOSC: State on-scene coordinator
Sour: Oil/gas with high sulfur content
SOW: Statements of work
SOX: US Sarbanes-Oxley Act (also called the US Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act)
SP: South Pass Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
SP: Spontaneous potential
SPBM: Single-point buoy mooring system
SPCC: Spill prevention control and countermeasures
SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers
spf: Shots per foot
SPPE: Safety and pollution prevention equipment
SPR: US Strategic Petroleum Reserve
SPRP: Spill prevention and response plan
SPS: Submerged production system
SPWLA: Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts (formerly the Society of Professional Well Log Analysts)
SQG: Hazardous waste small quantity generator
SRL: Self-retracting lifelines
SS: Semisubmersible (MOU)
SS: Ship Shoal Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
SS: Stainless steel
SS: Subsea
SSCSV: Subsurface-controlled safety valve
SSCV: Subsea control valves
SSE: Short service employee
SSIV: Subsea isolation valve
SSSV: Subsurface safety valve
SSTI: Subsea tie in
SSTT: Subsea test tree
SSV: Subsea safety valve
SSV: Surface safety valve
ST: Sidetrack
ST: South Timbalier Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
STARS: MSRC's Spill Team Area Responders network of contractors
STB: Stock tank barrel
STEL: Short-term exposure limit
Stock tank: A measurement of liquids taken at specific pressure and temperature conditions, as in a stock tank
STOOIP: Stock tank oil initially in place
STP: Standard temperature and pressure
SUPSALV: US Navy Supervisor of Salvage
SUTA: Subsea umbilical termination assembly
SUTU: Subsea umbilical end termination units
SW: Water saturation
SWA: Stop work authority
S-wave: Shear wave
Sweet: Oil/gas that has low sulfur content
Sweetening: The removal of hydrogen sulfide from gases
SWF: Shallow water flow
SWL: Safe working load
SWP: Safe work practices
SWP: Safe working pressure
SWSS: Sperm whale seismic study
SX: Sabine Pass (Louisiana) Gulf of Mexico leasing area

 

 

T

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t: Time
TABS: Texas Automated Buoy System
TAML: Technology Advancement for Multilaterals
TAPS: Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (also called Alyeska Pipeline)
Tare: Weight of empty container
TBM: Tendon buoyancy module
Tcf: Trillion cubic feet
TCO: Tengizchevroil
TCO: Total cost of ownership
TCP: Tubing-conveyed perforating
TD: Target depth
TD: Total depth
TDH: Total dynamic head
TEMPSC: Totally enclosed motor-propelled survival craft
Tfx: Toxic effects
THAI: Toe-to-heel air injection (method)
THERP: Technique for human error rate prediction
THP: Tubing head pressure
THRRT: Tubing hanger running and retrieval tool
THRT: Tubing hanger running tool
TIW: Texas Iron Works (valve)
TJ: Terajoule
TLP: Tension leg platform
TLV: Threshold limit value
TMD: Total measured depth
TOC: Top of cement
TP: Tarpon Springs Gulf of Mexico leasing area
TPI: Third-party inspector
TPI: Threads per inch
TQ: Training qualifications
TR: Temporary refuge
TRIR: Total recordable incident rate
TS: Tiger Shoal Gulf of Mexico leasing area
TSCA: US Toxic Substances Control Act
TSE: Temperature safety element
TSH: Temperature safety high (sensor)
TSI: Transportation security incidents
TT: Travel time
TTP: Through-tubing perforating
TTRD: through tubing rotary drilling
TUTA: Topsides umbilical termination assembly
TVD: True vertical depth
TVDSS: True vertical depth subsea
TWA: Time-weighted average
TWT: Two-way travel time
TWTT: Two-way travel Time
TX: Texas
TZ: Transition zone

 

 

U

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UB: Underbalanced
UBD: Underbalanced drilling
UCS: Unconfined compressive strength
UEL: Upper explosive limit
UFL: Upper flammable limit
UKCS: UK continental shelf
UKOCS: UK outer continental shelf
UKOOA: UK Offshore Operators Association
UKOOG: United Kingdom Onshore Operators Group
ULSD: Ultralow sulfur diesel
ULSHO: Ultralow sulfur heating oil
UN: United Nations
UOT: Unscheduled overtime
URR: Ultimately recoverable resources
USC: United States Code
USCG: US Coast Guard
USFWS: US Fish & Wildlife Service
USGC: US Gulf Coast
USGS: US Geological Survey
USV: Underwater safety valve
UT: Ultrasonic testing
UV: Ultraviolet
UWA: Ultimate work authority
UWT: Ultrasonic welding line

 

 

V

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VAT: Value-added tax
VK: Viosca Knoll Gulf of Mexico leasing area
VLCC: Very large crude carrier
VME: Von Mises equivalent
VN: Vernon Gulf of Mexico leasing area
VOC: Volatile organic compounds
VOO: Vessels of opportunity
VOSS: Vessels of opportunity skimming systems
VR: Vermillion Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
VRU: Vapor recovery unit
VSD: Variable speed drive
VSP: Vertical seismic profiling

 

 

W

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W/C: Water cut
W/O: Workover
WAG: Water-alternating-gas
WAR: Well activity report
WAZ: Wide azimuth recording
WBM: Water-based mud
WBS: Wellbore schematic
WBS: Wellbore seismic
WBS: Wellbore stability
WC: West Cameron Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
WCD: Worst-case discharge (scenario)
WCEP: Whooping Crane Eastern Partnership
WCID: Well construction interface document
WCP: Well containment plan
WCST: Well containment screening tool
WD: Water depth
WD: West Delta Area Gulf of Mexico leasing area
WellCAP: An IADC standard for well control training
WFT: Weatherford
WFT: Wet film thickness
WH: Wellhead
WHCE: Wellhead/tree completion equipment
WHFP: Wellhead flowing pressure
WHP: Wellhead pressure
WHRU: Waste heat recovery unit
WI: Working interest
WL: Wireline
WLL: Working load limit (WLL)
WMA: Wildlife management area
WMPI: Wet magnetic particle inspection
WO: Workover
WOB: Weight on bit
WOC: Waiting on cement
WOC: Water/oil contact
WOR: Water/oil ratio
WOW: Waiting on weather
WPS: Welding procedure specification
WR: Walker Ridge Gulf of Mexico leasing area
WTI: West Texas Intermediate (crude benchmark)
WTO: World Trade Organization

 

 

X

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X-linked: Cross-linked (to increase gel viscosity)
X-over: Crossover
XMT: Christmas tree
XOM: ExxonMobil
XRD: X-ray diffraction
XRF: X-ray fluorescence

 

 

Y

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YM: Young's Modulus
YOY: Year on year
YP: Yield point
YTD: Year to date

 

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